Source: “Monitor” Newspaper, 17 Sept 2013
Author: Galiya Petrova
The first agricultural and cattle-breeding farms, from where the skills to run a farm have spread across Europe, were found in Bulgaria near the Vidin village Mayor Uzunovo. A year ago, an incredible site from the early Neolith with European significance was discovered but it’s still not yet explored, states Nicolai Kazashki from the Regional Historical Museum of Vidin. The site is interesting as it dates back from the start of the Neolithization of the Balkans.
Kazashki is one of the archaeologists who work and are interested not only in the archaeological complex in Baley but also in some Danube villages like Novo selo, Kudelin, where there are other interesting excavations.
Researches made this summer in Baley, Nikolay Kazashki continues, will be finalized by the restoration of the excavated items. Like each year, the National Historical Museum at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences will stage an exhibition of the archaeological finds discovered all over Bulgaria in February 2014, and for 18 May – the Museum Day, people shall be able to see all items found in Baley in the Vidin Museum.
Near the Vidin village of Baley, the archaeologists continued to work on the necropolis that was excavated 3 years ago. This necropolis is a part of an entire archaeological complex with a main village from 16-11 century B.C. The archaeologists unearthed more than 50 vessels, among which a number of urns that have been preserved for more than 3000 years. This summer the team leaders were the archeologists Chief Ass. Dr. Georgi Ivanov and Chief Ass. Dr. Tanya Hristova from the National Archaeological Institute with a museum, which is a part of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. They used to work on the site for three weeks together with archaeologists and restorers from RHM-Vidin and also with the consultant Ass. Prof. Dr. Stephan Alexandrov from the National Institute of Archaeology with Museum – Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. For the first time ever, archaeologists came across an entire complex consisting of necropolis and a village, and for a third year already they have the opportunity to research these as a whole. The village containing the necropolis was discovered 40 years ago. The first to discover and start researching the village near Baley from the Bronze Age, was Ana Yotzova, an ex-director of the Vidin Museum. Nowadays, she has been working together with Dr. Rumen Katincharov from NIAM-BAS. What led to the present excavations? The story is more than fascinating.
The first grave from the necropolis near Baley from the Bronze Age was accidentally discovered in April 2010 by some local people. Rose Petkova lives in the last house of Baley village to some 400 meters from the newly discovered village. Four years ago, a woman called her colleague Lyubo Petrov to dig a hole in the yard and make an outside toilet. During the excavation works Ljubo came across some ceramic vessels. And since they both had participated in excavations with the archaeologists, carefully, almost professionally they took out the discovered objects and called the Museum. And so in the summer of the same year the excavations began, remembers Dr. Stefan Alexandrov, four years later. The necropolis is situated about 400 meters from the settlement. For nearly 40 years archaeologists have been seeking for it and today its location is a fact, and they are discovering new artifacts, continues the story Tanya Hristova.
This year, we have discovered many valuable artifacts, says Stefan Alexandrov. We worked on an area
of about 75 square meters. 16 graves with over 50 vessels were examined. A big archaeological structure from the necropolis is particularly interesting, which includes 2 urns and a total of 18 vessels. Some of them are quite interesting and richly decorated. Parts of a stone hatchet, bronze ornaments, bronze needle and button, vertebrae for spindle, a ceramic figurine of an idol are interesting objects